Overpopulation in India

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Published: 29th December 2010
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Based on World Fact book, the population of India has grown for over one billion and despite they have the highest crop yields in the world, most of their people still experienced food shortages. The volume of rice and wheat they produced is not sufficient to sustain the food requirements of their population. As a result of this dilemma, significant numbers of Indian population were not able to meet even their basic biological needs as they continue to increase uncontrollably. Based on recent researches, many of their population particularly the children below five years old are malnourished and most of them have no access to clean and drinkable water (Bhat, “Overpopulation in India”). Overall, significant population of India is below poverty line and their condition continues to worsen. This paper aims to explore on the issue of overpopulation in India including food shortages.

Generally, the ratio between the population of India and their food production has been the main problem. Each year, their growth population is tremendously increasing and their government has no clear solution so far on how to resolve the dilemma. Right now, Indian government is pointing on some contributory factors such as their depleting environment. Good government and efficiency in food distribution are not enough to sustain the needs of their people (Gosling, “Challenging Western Stereotypes”). Among the alternatives presented to people is by lowering birth rates requiring every family to maintain only one child and for those who failed to comply will have much lower benefits from the government. Thus, there is a discrimination against female children in India discouraging girls to achieve education, health services, and right amount of food. The worst of all, majority of their population was encouraged to have abortion and infanticide especially for female fetuses.

For the previous decades, Indian government even imposed some coercive measures such as by forcing vasectomies to their male population and encouraging women to use injection birth control. However, all these measures seem not effective knowing the fact that high birth rates are prevalent because most families wanted to ensure they can create a labor pool in their family. For some, they don’t intentionally adopt birth control because it is against their religious belief (Gaia, “Population Dynamic of India”). Indeed, most people interpreted these coercive measures as draconian laws with the main purpose of just achieving results even to the point that human rights and usefulness are compromised. This time, it is the primary role of government to educate people about birth control and assist their population to appreciate other methods being offered to people. It is necessary for every citizen to be involved in pursuing the promise of change and not just to stay being a source of problem. Right now, the government needs to provide financial support for the people considering that millions of their population are eager to follow birth controls but don’t have enough money to buy contraceptives. On the other hand, significant numbers of their people don’t have knowledge about the methods in controlling birth so it is difficult to count their participation. For the current strategy of their government, they want to ensure participation of people in solving the problems in their nation. Some of their states including Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu already expound most of their media campaigns instilling to people the benefits of having a small family. It is part of their main objectives to improve problems in food supply and lower the population to a more manageable status.

Along with the issue of overpopulation in India, their environment was also severely affected considering that even clean and safe water is hard to find in their place, as well as clean air since their surroundings become more polluted than earlier years. In this scenario, there is a tendency that even the health conditions of the people are negatively affected which can directly hurt the economy of one nation. People need to understand that nation’s economy is greatly dependent to health environment just like how one nation could maintain sustainability and avoid irreversible change in their system (Guardian, “Overpopulation Warning”). Currently, one of the serious problems in India is their capabilities to produce sufficient food. Their population is continuously increasing and their food requirement steadily elevating to the point that the entire nation even outstripped the supply. India is next to China in terms of population and experts foresee that in the near future they will be the largest population in the world. So far, India is importing some of their food supply; however, they believed that these initiatives are just temporary since no country can continually supply food for their more than a billion populations. Meanwhile, there are claims that overpopulation in India is not at all a problem since they have widespread poverty and even their birth rates are high, still the mortality rate is almost equal. This time, some resist with the idea that there is a population explosion in India. In addressing the population issue of India, education and economy of their nation play a significant role since based on statistics their urban poor constitute mostly to overpopulation. It is among the urban

poor where larger families can be found, whereas the number of children outweighs the sources of family income resulting for most minors being forced to work at earlier age.

On the other hand, some families dwell on their old principles that it would be better for them to have many children since they consider their children as source of family security especially in later years. In the culture of Indians, female children are still less desirable in a family whereas even sending them in good school has no benefit. Most families consider their female children as burden while their male children as with greater importance.

Throughout the years, India is seeking for support coming from well-educated individuals claiming that these people could further enhance their economic growth, productivity, and better manage the ongoing dilemma in their place. Overall, India needs to give greater emphasis on the supply of food while thinking for the most appropriate methods on how to lower the population. Despite all the pressures, India should not compromise the rights of their people and give focus on how they could further improve the environment.

Bhat, Roopa. “Overpopulation in India” From the Web, 04 November 2010. <

Gaia, Karen. “Population Dynamic of India”. From the Web, 04 November 2010. <


Gibbs, Susan. “People on the Move”

Gosling, David. “Challenging Western Stereotypes” From the Web, 04 November 2010. <



Guardian. “Overpopulation Warning” From the Web, 04 November 2010. <


Huang, Priscilla. “Over-Breeders and the Population Bomb”

Schramm-Martin, James. “Christian Perspectives on Population Issues”

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